Titlebar

Export bibliographic data
Literature by the same author
plus on the publication server
plus at Google Scholar

 

Selectivity improvement towards hydrogen and oxygen of solid electrolyte sensors by dynamic electrochemical methods

Title data

Ruchets, Anastasiya ; Donker, Nils ; Schönauer-Kamin, Daniela ; Moos, Ralf ; Zosel, Jens ; Guth, Ulrich ; Mertig, Michael:
Selectivity improvement towards hydrogen and oxygen of solid electrolyte sensors by dynamic electrochemical methods.
In: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. Vol. 290 (2019) . - pp. 53-58.
ISSN 0925-4005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2019.03.063

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
Dynamische Methoden für elektrochemische Gassensoren (DynaSens)MO 1060/30-1

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

Solid electrolyte sensors (SES) based on yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) can exhibit improved selectivity to redox active gases when they are operated with dynamic electrochemical methods like cyclic voltammetry (CV) or impedance spectroscopy (IS). To clarify basic electrochemical processes at the measuring electrode, experiments in the temperature range 650–750 °C with precise control of hydrogen, oxygen, and water vapor concentrations in non-equilibrated gas mixtures have been conducted. The results show that it is possible to detect hydrogen and oxygen selectively in oxidizing and in reducing gas mixtures with SES operated with CV at different scan rates and polarization ranges. Hydrogen-related peaks appear during anodic scan direction at potentials between -0.4 and -0.2 V vs. Pt/air reference and scan rates between 10 and 100 mV/s. Their heights increase with H2-concentration, temperature, and negative shift of the negative CV limit, providing a lower limit of detection below 5 vol.-ppm and an upper limit of detection at around 100 vol.-ppm at 700 to 750 °C. Oxygen-related peaks arise in cathodic scan direction at potentials between -0.1 and -0.4 V and scan rates between 100 and 1000 mV/s. Their heights also increase with O2-concentration and temperature, providing a lower limit of detection below 5 vol.-ppm and an upper limit of detection above 200 vol.-ppm at 650 °C. Water vapor causes decreasing H2-related peak heights, suggesting an occupation of electrode surface places needed for H2 reaction. In contrast to that, additionally conducted impedance spectroscopy experiments in the frequency range from 0.2 to 10^5 Hz did not provide further information about the selective detection of hydrogen and oxygen in non-equilibrated gas mixtures.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials > Chair Functional Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2019 12:31
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 12:31
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/48584