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A roadmap for island biology : 50 fundamental questions after 50 years of The Theory of Island Biogeography

Title data

Patino, Jairo ; Whittaker, Robert J. ; Borges, Paulo A. V. ; Maria Fernandez-Palacios, Jose ; Ah-Peng, Claudine ; Araújo, Miguel B. ; Avila, Sergio P. ; Cardoso, Pedro ; Cornuault, Josselin ; de Boer, Erik J. ; de Nascimento, Lea ; Gil, Artur ; Gonzalez-Castro, Aaron ; Gruner, Daniel S. ; Heleno, Ruben ; Hortal, Joaquin ; Carlos Illera, Juan ; Kaiser-Bunbury, Christopher N. ; Matthews, Thomas J. ; Papadopoulou, Anna ; Pettorelli, Nathalie ; Price, Jonathan P. ; Santos, Ana M. C. ; Steinbauer, Manuel J. ; Triantis, Kostas A. ; Valente, Luis ; Vargas, Pablo ; Weigelt, Patrick ; Emerson, Brent C.:
A roadmap for island biology : 50 fundamental questions after 50 years of The Theory of Island Biogeography.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 44 (May 2017) Issue 5 . - pp. 963-983.
ISSN 0305-0270
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12986

Abstract in another language

Aims: The 50th anniversary of the publication of the seminal book, The Theory of Island Biogeography, by Robert H. MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson, is a timely moment to review and identify key research foci that could advance island biology. Here, we take a collaborative horizon-scanning approach to identify 50 fundamental questions for the continued development of the field. LocationWorldwide. MethodsWe adapted a well-established methodology of horizon scanning to identify priority research questions in island biology, and initiated it during the Island Biology 2016 conference held in the Azores. A multidisciplinary working group prepared an initial pool of 187 questions. A series of online surveys was then used to refine a list of the 50 top priority questions. The final shortlist was restricted to questions with a broad conceptual scope, and which should be answerable through achievable research approaches. ResultsQuestions were structured around four broad and partially overlapping island topics, including: (Macro)Ecology and Biogeography, (Macro)Evolution, Community Ecology, and Conservation and Management. These topics were then subdivided according to the following subject areas: global diversity patterns (five questions in total); island ontogeny and past climate change (4); island rules and syndromes (3); island biogeography theory (4); immigration-speciation-extinction dynamics (5); speciation and diversification (4); dispersal and colonization (3); community assembly (6); biotic interactions (2); global change (5); conservation and management policies (5); and invasive alien species (4). Main conclusionsCollectively, this cross-disciplinary set of topics covering the 50 fundamental questions has the potential to stimulate and guide future research in island biology. By covering fields ranging from biogeography, community ecology and evolution to global change, this horizon scan may help to foster the formation of interdisciplinary research networks, enhancing joint efforts to better understand the past, present and future of island biotas.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: ISI:000399667400001
Institutions of the University: Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 560 Fossils, prehistoric life
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2019 12:02
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2019 07:42
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/51880