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The human dimension of biodiversity changes on islands

Title data

Nogué, Sandra ; Santos, Ana M. C. ; Birks, H. John B. ; Björck, Svante ; Castilla-Beltrán, Alvaro ; Connor, Simon ; de Boer, Erik J. ; de Nascimento, Lea ; Felde, Vivian A. ; Fernández-Palacios, José María ; Froyd, Cynthia A. ; Haberle, Simon G. ; Hooghiemstra, Henry ; Ljung, Karl ; Norder, Sietze J. ; Peñuelas, Josep ; Prebble, Matthew ; Stevenson, Janelle ; Whittaker, Robert J. ; Willis, Kathy J. ; Wilmshurst, Janet M. ; Steinbauer, Manuel:
The human dimension of biodiversity changes on islands.
In: Science. Vol. 372 (2021) Issue 6541 . - pp. 488-491.
ISSN 1095-9203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd6706

Abstract in another language

Islands are among the last regions on Earth settled and transformed by human activities, and they provide replicated model systems for analysis of how people affect ecological functions. By analyzing 27 representative fossil pollen sequences encompassing the past 5000 years from islands globally, we quantified the rates of vegetation compositional change before and after human arrival. After human arrival, rates of turnover accelerate by a median factor of 11, with faster rates on islands colonized in the past 1500 years than for those colonized earlier. This global anthropogenic acceleration in turnover suggests that islands are on trajectories of continuing change. Strategies for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem restoration must acknowledge the long duration of human impacts and the degree to which ecological changes today differ from prehuman dynamics.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science > Professor Sport Ecology
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 560 Fossils, prehistoric life
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)
Date Deposited: 10 May 2021 09:11
Last Modified: 10 May 2021 09:11
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/65138