Titlebar

Export bibliographic data
Literature by the same author
plus on the publication server
plus at Google Scholar

 

Microplastic Contamination of Composts and Liquid Fertilizers from Municipal Biowaste Treatment Plants : Effects of the Operating Conditions

Title data

Steiner, Thomas ; Möller, Julia N. ; Löder, Martin G. J. ; Hilbrig, Frank ; Laforsch, Christian ; Freitag, Ruth:
Microplastic Contamination of Composts and Liquid Fertilizers from Municipal Biowaste Treatment Plants : Effects of the Operating Conditions.
In: Waste and Biomass Valorization. (17 August 2022) .
ISSN 1877-265X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-022-01870-2

Project information

Project financing: Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL. This study was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation)—SFB 1357–391977956. We also gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and Energy, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany (Project: MiKoBo, Reference Numbers BWMK18001 and BWMK18007). German Research Foundation, CRC 1357—“Mikroplastik” 391977956 (TS, MGJL, CL, RF). Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and Energy, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany BWMK18001 (TS, FH, CL, RF). Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and Energy, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany BWMK18007 (JNM, MGJL, CL).

Abstract in another language

High-caloric-value household biowaste is an attractive substrate for the production of biogas and fertilizer. Most household biowaste is contaminated by plastics, typically in the form of bags and foils from packaging. Operators of municipal biowaste treatment plans take great care to remove these contaminants, often at the cost of reducing the organic material entering the process. This study compares the residual plastic contamination of fertilizer (composts, digestates) from biowaste treatment plants with compost produced from greenery and digestates produced by agricultural biogas plants processing manure and energy crops. While the fertilizers from the agricultural biogas plants and greenery composts were minimally contaminated by plastic, we found considerable numbers of plastic fragments in the composts/fertilizers from the biowaste treatment plants. Moreover, while certainly being influenced by the quality of the incoming biowaste, this residual contamination appeared to depend largely on the operating conditions. In particular, shredding of the incoming material increased the degree of contamination. Sieving was an efficient method for the removal of fragments \textgreater 5 mm but was less efficient for the removal of smaller fragments. In view of the number of the recovered fragments in that size range, it is likely that still none of the finished composts surpassed the current dry weight limits imposed for the plastic contamination of high-quality composts with fragments \textgreater 1 mm in Europe (0.3% of dry weight) nor even in Germany (0.1% of dry weight). The contamination of the liquid fertilizer produced via anaerobic digestion by three of the investigated biowaste treatment plants (up to 10,000 particles with a size between 10 and 1000 μm−1) may pose a more serious concern.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Biogas; Biowaste; Compost; Fertilizer; Microplastic; Nanoplastic
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Animal Ecology I
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Process Biotechnology
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Process Biotechnology > Chair Process Biotechnology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ruth Freitag
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit > SFB 1357 - MIKROPLASTIK
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 600 Technology
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2022 07:03
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2022 05:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/71690