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Lowering the sintering temperature of calcium manganate for thermoelectric applications

Title data

Bresch, Sophie ; Mieller, Bjoern ; Moos, Ralf ; Rabe, Torsten:
Lowering the sintering temperature of calcium manganate for thermoelectric applications.
In: AIP Advances. Vol. 12 (2022) Issue 8 . - No. 085116.
ISSN 2158-3226
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0098015

Abstract in another language

This study combines three different approaches to lower the sintering temperature of Sm-doped CaMnO3 to save energy in production and facilitate co-firing with other low-firing oxides or metallization. The surface energy of the powder was increased by fine milling, sintering kinetics were enhanced by additives, and uniaxial pressure during sintering was applied. The shrinkage, density, microstructure, and thermoelectric properties were evaluated. Compared to micro-sized powder, the use of finely ground powder allows us to lower the sintering temperature by 150  K without reduction of the power factor. By screening the effect of various common additives on linear shrinkage of CaMnO3 after sintering at 1100°C for 2  h, CuO is identified as the most effective additive. Densification at sintering temperatures below 1000°C can be significantly increased by pressure-assisted sintering. The power factor at room temperature of CaMnO3 nano-powder sintered at 1250°C was 445  μW/(m K2). Sintering at 1100°C reduced the power factor to 130  μW/(m K2) for CaMnO3 nano-powder, while addition of 4  wt. % CuO to the same powder led to ∼290  μW/(m K2). The combination of fine milling, CuO addition, and pressure-assisted sintering at 950°C resulted in a power factor of ∼130  μW/(m K2). These results show that nano-sized powder and CuO addition are successful and recommendable strategies to produce CaMnO3 with competitive properties at significantly reduced temperatures and dwell times.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials > Chair Functional Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2022 11:35
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2022 06:32
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/71891