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Disputed Meanings of Women’s Liberation : Social Tensions and Symbolic Struggles During Angolan Independence

Title data

Figueiredo, Fábio Baqueiro:
Disputed Meanings of Women’s Liberation : Social Tensions and Symbolic Struggles During Angolan Independence.
Institute of African Studies; Bayreuth Academy of Advanced African Studies
Bayreuth, Germany , 2022 . - VI, 28 p. - (University of Bayreuth African Studies Working Papers ; 30 ) (Academy Reflects; 6)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005986

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
Cluster of Excellence Africa Multiple - Reconfiguring African StudiesEXC2052

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

During the armed struggle, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) supported women's liberation and appointed women to several political, logistical, and military positions. Meanwhile, in colonial society, changes in economic activities, access to formal education, and urban sociability resulted in a more significant female presence in public spaces. After independence, women's liberation rose to prominence in a context of internal conflict and economic disruption. The new government promoted the “New Man” and a host of associated social personae, all of which were defined by a set of moral qualities individuals were expected to comply with if they wanted to qualify as legitimate actors in the making of independent Angola. Women ought to engage in “National Reconstruction” by joining the Organization of Angolan Women (OMA), which focused on literacy and hygienist campaigns aimed at fighting “obscurantism”. However, many urban women had their own agendas, which called for changes in gender roles in both public and domestic realms. This paper seeks to highlight the shifting gender patterns in Luanda and rural guerrilla zones during the late colonial period, and then analyze how, after independence, different groups of women conceived their place in the building of the new nation, and how the State tried to “domesticate” the possibilities of women's activism as such, in symbolic as well as practical ways.

Further data

Item Type: Working paper, discussion paper
Keywords: Women; women liberation; New Man; moralities; gender relations; nation-building; Angola
Institutions of the University: Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > African Studies
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Institute of African Studies - IAS > Bayreuth Academy of Advanced African Studies - BAAAS
Research Institutions > Research Units
Research Institutions > Research Units > Bayreuth Academy of Advanced African Studies
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit > EXC 2052 - Africa Multiple: Afrikastudien neu gestalten
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 320 Political science
900 History and geography > 960 History of Africa
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2022 22:00
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2022 09:35
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/72766