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Effect of the Heterogeneous Catalytic Activity of Electrodes for Mixed Potential Sensors

Title data

Ritter, Thomas ; Lattus, Julia ; Hagen, Gunter ; Moos, Ralf:
Effect of the Heterogeneous Catalytic Activity of Electrodes for Mixed Potential Sensors.
In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. Vol. 165 (2018) Issue 16 . - B795-B803.
ISSN 1945-7111

Project information

Project title:
Project's official title
Project's id
Sensor zur direkten Ermittlung des Umsatzes eines Autoabgaskatalysators
HA 5339/1-1

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

The concept of mixed potential sensors bases on the principle that competing reactions form a mixed electrode potential. The exchange of charge carriers takes place at the TPB. However, it is also assumed that heterogeneously catalyzed gas phase reactions reduce the analyte concentration locally. Since this already occurs before the analyte reaches the TPB, the actually detected concentration is not equal to the dosed concentration. This mechanism is investigated in this work using different electrode configurations. Platinum electrodes designed as full-circles are compared with mesh electrodes. The full-circle electrode shows reduced sensitivity, since the high precious metal content probably catalyzes the gas phase reaction more strongly. This was also confirmed by an electrochemical characterization using polarization curves. The sensitivity of the electrode also increases due to higher sintering temperatures and thus reduced porosity, which influences the area available for heterogeneous catalysis. When gold is used as electrode, this mechanism can hardly be observed, since Au shows low catalytic activity towards the oxidation of the used propene. It is shown how heterogeneous catalytic activity of electrodes affects the sensor signal and to what extent a deviation from the conventionally used mixed potential theory is expected at low analyte concentrations.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials > Chair Functional Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Research Institutions > Research Units > BERC - Bayreuth Engine Research Center
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Units
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2018 07:53
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 13:10