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Convection Influence on Redox Potential Measurements at Hot Platinum Electrodes

Title data

Ruchets, Anastasiya ; Donker, Nils ; Schönauer-Kamin, Daniela ; Moos, Ralf ; Zosel, Jens ; Guth, Ulrich ; Mertig, Michael:
Convection Influence on Redox Potential Measurements at Hot Platinum Electrodes.
Event: The 18th International Meeting on Chemical Sensors, IMCS2021 , May 30 - June 6, 202 , online conference.
(Conference item: Conference , Speech )

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official title
Project's id
Dynamische Methoden für elektrochemische Gassensoren (DynaSens)
MO 1060/30-1

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

The equilibrium of redox reactions between H2O and H2, CO and CO2 or water gas can be determined potentiometrically at high temperatures with a solid electrolyte cell (SEC) by establishing defined partial pressures of both partners of the redox couples according to Nernst equation. The dependency of the potential on temperature allows to calculate thermodynamic parameters of the reaction from the equilibrium constant Kp. The thermodynamic relations reveal that the measured cell voltage depends on partial pressures of the redox active gas components, cell temperature and the oxygen partial pressure in the reference gas. In this work, the results of experimental studies on the impact of gas convection on the equilibrium potential are presented and possible reasons for this behavior are discussed. The experimental setup is given schematically in Fig. 1. The flow rate of the redox gas is adjusted between 0 and 50 standard cm³ (sccm) by MFC. The purpose-built humidifier for establishing a constant water vapor partial pressure consists of six horizontally positioned glass tubes of around 10 cm length and 3 cm diameter sequentially connected with each other. The tubes are half filled with distilled and sterilized water and thermostated to 22.00 ± 0.01 K in a stirred water bath. The test gas pass the tubes in a laminar flow above the water filling and is saturated with water vapor avoiding aerosol formation. A downstream capacitive dew point sensor was used to verify the accuracy of the humidification. Over a wide temperature and concentration range, the water vapor dissociation is negligible so that the H2/H2O ratio set at room temperature remains practically unchanged in the heated solid electrolyte cell. Different self-developed and commercial YSZ cells equipped with Pt electrodes of different morphologies were investigated by measuring redox potentials in H2/H2O and CO/CO2 mixtures with various dilution. The oxygen partial pressure of the reference gas air was monitored by continuous measurement of dew point and total pressure. The redox equilibrium in H2/H2O mixtures is established at catalytically highly active Pt electrodes in YSZ cells already at relatively low temperatures below 600 °C. In Figure 2a the course of the cell voltage measured in such a mixture is given for different temperatures. At the adjusted H2/H2O partial pressure ratio near 1 and absolute values of component partial pressures around 3000 Pa, small oxygen leakages will not influence the measured potential [2]. The most influencing deviations on the measured voltages are related to temperature measurement and control of the YSZ cell. These are assumed to be responsible mainly for the noise visible in the curve in Fig. 2a. The systematic deviation known from thermocouple application probably causes the small difference of the measured cell voltage from values, which are expected from thermodynamic data (NIST). If the complete voltage difference Δ in Fig 2b is attributed to temperature deviation of the used thermocouple (type B), this parameter amounts to around 11 K higher than it is indicated by the set point value of the controller. Other sources of deviations can arise from asymmetric potentials of the YSZ cell resulting in measurable voltages at equal oxygen partial pressures on both sides of the cell. In order to obtain indications of such deviations, the flow rate and the dilution of the redox mixtures were varied. The curves in Fig. 3 show that especially the flow rate has surprisingly high influence on the cell voltage. After switching off the gas flow the cell voltage decreases abruptly to values 6-10 mV lower than measured in the constant gas flow. The following drift continues this decrease. Immediately after switching on the flow, the cell voltage jumps back to values before switch-off. At flow rates below 10 sccm, this switch-off shift decreases significantly. At all investigated cells, the switch-off shift increases with decreasing dilution of the redox mixture and increasing temperature, reaching its maximum in pure H2/H2O mixtures at the investigated temperature maximum. In the contribution, the signal influencing processes like gas flow cooling of the electrode, flow induced pressure increase, convective diffusion in pores and oxygen exchange between electrode/electrolyte and gas [4] will be discussed and different scenarios will be compared.

Further data

Item Type: Conference item (Speech)
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials > Chair Functional Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2021 13:26
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 07:17