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Combined Ash and Soot Monitoring for Gasoline Particulate Filters Using a Radio-Frequency-Based Sensor

Title data

Walter, Stefanie ; Schwanzer, Peter ; Hagen, Gunter ; Rabl, Hans-Peter ; Dietrich, Markus ; Moos, Ralf:
Combined Ash and Soot Monitoring for Gasoline Particulate Filters Using a Radio-Frequency-Based Sensor.
In: Emission Control Science & Technology. Vol. 10 (2024) . - pp. 1-9.
ISSN 2199-3637
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40825-023-00235-y

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official title
Project's id
Load Sensor for GPF
AZ-1288-17

Project financing: Bayerische Forschungsstiftung

Abstract in another language

Increasingly stringent emission limits have made particulate filters necessary for gasoline engines. Similar to diesel applications, gasoline particulate filters (GPFs) can be monitored by differential pressure measurement or by the radio-frequency-based filter diagnosis (RF sensor). In addition to measuring the soot loading, ash detection is critical for monitoring the GPF over the entire vehicle lifetime. Because the RF sensor detects the filter loading through a change in the dielectric properties of the GPF, it can detect not only soot but also ash. In diesel applications, the RF sensor has already demonstrated its potential for ash detection. To verify the feasibility of simultaneous ash and soot monitoring for GPFs, filters were loaded with ash on an engine test bench and measured on a lab test bench under defined synthetic exhaust gas conditions. By evaluating resonant modes, soot and ash could be clearly distinguished, as ash mainly affects the resonant frequency, while soot also changes the quality factor due to its high dielectric losses. However, higher soot loadings could not be detected by the resonant parameters, but instead by a frequency-averaged transmission signal. While the presence of ash caused an offset in this signal, its sensitivity to soot was not affected. Thus, the influence of ash can be corrected if the signal in the soot-free filter state is known, e.g., from the behavior of the resonant parameters. Therefore, even with a continuously increasing ash loading over the lifetime of a vehicle, an accurate soot detection is possible with the RF sensor.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Gasoline particulate filter (GPF); Radio-frequency (RF); Soot mass determination; Ash detection
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials > Chair Functional Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Research Institutions > Research Units > BERC - Bayreuth Engine Research Center
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 May 2024 09:34
Last Modified: 13 May 2024 10:05
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/89526