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Multi-emission luminescence dating of heated chert from the Middle Stone Age sequence at Sodmein Cave (Red Sea Mountains, Egypt)

Title data

Schmidt, Christoph ; Kindermann, Karin ; van Peer, Philip ; Bubenzer, Olaf:
Multi-emission luminescence dating of heated chert from the Middle Stone Age sequence at Sodmein Cave (Red Sea Mountains, Egypt).
Universität Bayreuth; Universität Köln; Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgien
In: Journal of Archaeological Science. Vol. 63 (2015) . - pp. 94-103.
ISSN 0305-4403
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.08.016

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
SFB 806 'Our Way to Europe'SFB806

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
SFB 806 'Our Way to Europe'

Abstract in another language

Sodmein Cave in Egypt is one of the rare archaeological sites in north-eastern Africa conserving human occupation remains of a period most relevant for the 'Out of Africa II' hypothesis. This underlines the need for establishing a chronological framework for the more than 4 m of stratified sediments ranging from the Middle Stone Age (MSA) to the Neolithic. The lowest layer J hosts huge fireplaces, from which we report luminescence ages of heated chert fragments unearthed from different depths. The 'multiemission' dating approach - using both the blue and red TL of each specimen as well as the OSL emission of one sample - allowed identifying the most reliable ages. Samples yield ages between <121 ± 15 ka (maximum age) and 87 ± 9 ka. These data evidence human presence at the site during MIS 5. For integrating Sodmein Cave into the actual discussion of the dispersal patterns of modern humans and to identify potential connections with other sites in the Nile Valley and in the Middle East, a sound and reliable chronology is indispensable.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Luminescence dating; Burnt chert; Burnt flint; Egypt; Out of Africa II; Middle Stone Age
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Chair Geomorphology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ludwig Zöller
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Nonlinear Dynamics
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Geomorphology
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2015 08:01
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2015 08:01
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/22585