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The earliest Aurignacian in Romania : New investigations at the open air site of Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa I (Banat)

Title data

Sitlivy, Valéry ; Chabai, Victor P. ; Anghelinu, Mircea ; Uthmeier, Thorsten ; Kels, Holger ; Hilgers, Alexandra ; Schmidt, Christoph ; Niţă, Loredana ; Băltean, Ionut ; Veselsky, Andrej ; Hauck, Thomas:
The earliest Aurignacian in Romania : New investigations at the open air site of Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa I (Banat).
In: Quartär. Vol. 59 (2012) . - pp. 85-130.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7485/QU59_04

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
SFB 806 'Our Way To Europe'SFB806

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

Previous archaeological research in the Banat area (South- estern Romania) resulted in the definition of a chronologically late Krems-Dufour type Aurignacian, followed by the isolated find of several considerably old anatomically modern human (AMH) remains at Oase Cave, several decades later. The last find set the stage for new stratigraphic, chronological and archaeological reassessment of Banat Aurignacian settlements at Tincova, Coşava and Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa. This study presents the attribute analysis of the Aurignacian lithic assemblage at Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa I, involving both old and recently excavated collections. Alongside the more accurate identification of the main technological and typological features, pointing to a Protoaurignacian/Early Aurignacian assignation of the Early Upper Palaeolithic industry here, new chronological landmarks, much older than previously considered, became available. Preliminary thermoluminescence results point to an estimated age between 45 and 40 ka for the main accumulation in GH3 at Româneşti, thus indicating a possible contemporaneity of the Banat Aurignacian and the Oase AMH finds. A brief comparative outline of the Banat Aurignacian settlements is also provided, followed by and attempt at placing the local Aurignacian into the European Early Upper Palaeolithic landscape.

Abstract in another language

Bisherige Forschung zum Beginn des Jungpaläolithikums im Banat ergaben widersprüchliche Ergebnisse. Nachdem die von dort bekannt gewordenen Aurignacien-Freilandfundstellen Tincova, Coşava und Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa zunächst chronologisch an das Ende dieses Technokomplexes gestellt worden waren, wurde nach der Entdeckung der Überreste früher anatomisch moderner Menschen in der Oase-Höhle angenommen, es handele sich um ein Proto-Aurignacien. In dem vorliegenden Artikel werden diese Widersprüche anhand neuer Grabungen und erster absoluter Datierungen sowie einer detaillierten Analyse der Alt- und Neufunde an der Fundstation Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa aufgelöst. Demnach handelt es sich an diesem Fundplatz um eine Steingeräteindustrie, die sowohl Merkmale des Proto-Aurignacien als auch des klassischen Aurignacien aufweist. Erste Thermolumineszenz-Alter zwischen 45 kyr BP im Liegenden und 40 kyr BP im Hangenden deuten auf eine frühe Zeitstellung von Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa innerhalb des älteren Jungpaläolithikums und eine zeitliche Überschneidung mit den Menschenresten aus der Oase-Höhle. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird die Bedeutung des Banat im Rahmen der Ausbreitung des frühen modernen Menschen nach Europa diskutiert.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Banat region; Protoaurignacian; Stratigraphy; Absolute Dating; Technology; Lithic analysis
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Chair Geomorphology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ludwig Zöller
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Nonlinear Dynamics
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Geomorphology
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 13:19
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2018 11:20
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/29063