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Site formation and chronology of the new Paleolithic site Sima de las Palomas de Teba, Southern Spain

Title data

Kehl, Martin ; Burow, Christoph ; Cantalejo, Pedro ; Durán, Juan J. ; Henselowsky, Felix ; Klasen, Nicole ; Linstädter, Jörg ; Medianero, F. Javier ; Pastoors, Andreas ; Ramos, José ; Reicherter, Klaus ; Schmidt, Christoph ; Weniger, Gerd-Christian ; Dominguez-Bella, Salvador:
Site formation and chronology of the new Paleolithic site Sima de las Palomas de Teba, Southern Spain.
In: Quaternary Research. Vol. 85 (March 2016) Issue 2 . - pp. 313-331.
ISSN 0033-5894
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2016.01.007

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
SFB806 Our Way To EuropeSFB806

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

The newly identified Paleolithic site Sima de Las Palomas de Teba hosts an almost seven-m-thick sediment profile investigated here to elucidate the rock shelter's chronostratigraphy and formation processes. At its base, the sediment sequence contains rich archeological deposits recording intensive occupation by Neanderthals. Luminescence provides a terminus ante quem of 39.4 ± 2.6 ka or 44.9 ± 4.1 ka (OSL) and 51.4 ± 8.4 ka (TL). This occupation ended with a rockfall event followed by accumulation of archeologically sterile sediments. These were covered by sediments containing few Middle Paleolithic artifacts, which either indicate ephemeral occupation by Neanderthals or reworking as suggested by micromorphological features. Above this unit, scattered lithic artifacts of undiagnostic character may represent undefined Paleolithic occupations. Sediment burial ages between about 23.0 ± 1.5 ka (OSL) and 40.5 ± 3.4 ka (pIRIR) provide an Upper Paleolithic chronology for sediments deposited above the rockfall. Finally, a dung-bearing Holocene layer in the uppermost part of the sequence contains a fragment of a human mandible dated to 4032 ± 39 14C yr BP. Overall, the sequence represents an important new site for studying the end of Neanderthal occupation in southern Spain.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Neanderthal occupation; Site formation processes; Micromorphology; Luminescence dating
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Chair Geomorphology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ludwig Zöller
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Nonlinear Dynamics
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Geomorphology
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2017 08:09
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2018 11:06
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/35934