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Grazing practices and pasture tenure in the Eastern Pamirs : The nexus of pasture use, pasture potential, and property rights

Title data

Vanselow, Kim André ; Kraudzun, Tobias ; Samimi, Cyrus:
Grazing practices and pasture tenure in the Eastern Pamirs : The nexus of pasture use, pasture potential, and property rights.
In: Mountain Research and Development. Vol. 32 (2012) Issue 3 . - pp. 324-336.
ISSN 1994-7151
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-12-00001.1

Project information

Project financing: VolkswagenStiftung

Abstract in another language

This paper deals with the relations between grazing practices, pasture potential, and property rights in the Eastern Pamirs of Tajikistan 10 years after the privatization of 1999. It provides an overview of the spatiotemporal variability of current pasture use and livestock numbers. Assumptions about pasture potential are reconsidered in relation to animals' forage needs in order to draw field-based conclusions regarding over- or underuse in particular areas. Data are derived from interdisciplinary research on post-Soviet pastoralism and associated humanenvironment interactions. We show that pastoralists in the Eastern Pamirs face several problems: As the land cover resources are meager and variable and hay meadows for winter fodder are rare, herd mobility or external forage inputs are necessary to compensate for weather-related shortages. The current multiseasonal pasture usea change from the mono-seasonal use of Soviet state farmsdiscourages plant regeneration. Competition between pastoralist groups is exacerbated by unresolved questions about formal user rights. Conflicts seem inevitable, limiting the sustainable use of natural resources. Based on 2 telling examples, we show that pastures close to villages are used year round, particularly in winter, and are heavily overgrazed. There is less grazing pressure on summer pastures, but some distant and hardly accessible summer pastures show high livestock numbers in summer, contradicting former opinions about their underuse.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Climatology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Climatology > Professorship Climatology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Cyrus Samimi
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
900 History and geography
900 History and geography > 910 Geography, travel
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 06:25
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 06:25
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/37393