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Grazing practices and pasture tenure in the Eastern Pamirs : The nexus of pasture use, pasture potential, and property rights

Titelangaben

Vanselow, Kim André ; Kraudzun, Tobias ; Samimi, Cyrus:
Grazing practices and pasture tenure in the Eastern Pamirs : The nexus of pasture use, pasture potential, and property rights.
In: Mountain Research and Development. Bd. 32 (2012) Heft 3 . - S. 324-336.
ISSN 1994-7151
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-12-00001.1

Angaben zu Projekten

Projektfinanzierung: VolkswagenStiftung

Abstract

This paper deals with the relations between grazing practices, pasture potential, and property rights in the Eastern Pamirs of Tajikistan 10 years after the privatization of 1999. It provides an overview of the spatiotemporal variability of current pasture use and livestock numbers. Assumptions about pasture potential are reconsidered in relation to animals' forage needs in order to draw field-based conclusions regarding over- or underuse in particular areas. Data are derived from interdisciplinary research on post-Soviet pastoralism and associated humanenvironment interactions. We show that pastoralists in the Eastern Pamirs face several problems: As the land cover resources are meager and variable and hay meadows for winter fodder are rare, herd mobility or external forage inputs are necessary to compensate for weather-related shortages. The current multiseasonal pasture usea change from the mono-seasonal use of Soviet state farmsdiscourages plant regeneration. Competition between pastoralist groups is exacerbated by unresolved questions about formal user rights. Conflicts seem inevitable, limiting the sustainable use of natural resources. Based on 2 telling examples, we show that pastures close to villages are used year round, particularly in winter, and are heavily overgrazed. There is less grazing pressure on summer pastures, but some distant and hardly accessible summer pastures show high livestock numbers in summer, contradicting former opinions about their underuse.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Biologie
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Professur Klimatologie
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Professur Klimatologie > Professur Klimatologie - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Cyrus Samimi
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Ökologie und Umweltwissenschaften
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Zentrum für Ökologie und Umweltforschung - BayCEER
Fakultäten
Profilfelder
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Forschungseinrichtungen
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Nein
Themengebiete aus DDC: 300 Sozialwissenschaften > 300 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 550 Geowissenschaften, Geologie
900 Geschichte und Geografie
900 Geschichte und Geografie > 910 Geografie, Reisen
Eingestellt am: 02 Jun 2017 06:25
Letzte Änderung: 02 Jun 2017 06:25
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/37393