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From Gravettian to Epigravettian in the Eastern Carpathians : Insights from the Bistricioara-Lutărie III archaeological site

Title data

Anghelinu, Mircea ; Händel, Marc ; Niță, Loredana ; Cordoș, Cristina ; Veres, Daniel ; Hambach, Ulrich ; Murătoreanu, George ; Ciornei, Alexandru ; Schmidt, Christoph ; Sava, Tiberiu ; Mănăilescu, Cristian ; Ilie, Maria ; Demay, Läetitia ; Georgescu, Valentin:
From Gravettian to Epigravettian in the Eastern Carpathians : Insights from the Bistricioara-Lutărie III archaeological site.
In: Quaternary International. Vol. 587-588 (June 2021) . - pp. 210-229.
ISSN 1040-6182
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.06.044

Abstract in another language

The Eastern Romanian Carpathians harbor a rich Upper Paleolithic archaeological record, mostly concentrated on the Bistrița river terraces. Despite extensive field research spanning decades, the regional archaeological record has long suffered from poor chronometric support and contradictory taxonomy. The recently excavated spot at Bistricioara-Lutărie III, located in the Ceahlău Basin, brought a wealth of fresh chronostratigraphic and archaeological information, here summarized for the first time. The site preserves a thick (up to 9 m) sedimentary archive of mixed colluvial and aeolian origin, capping the fluvial gravel of a Bistrița terrace and likely extending back to Marine Isotope Stage 5. Six well preserved archaeological layers located in the upper part of the sequence were assigned to the Gravettian and Epigravettian technocomplexes. Earlier archaeological traces are indicated by presence of charcoals and burnt sediment, but have not yet been fully assessed. BL III hosts a well preserved Late Gravettian layer with shouldered points dated to around 27 ka cal BP. The Epigravettian occupations starting at 24 ka cal BP provided rich lithic assemblages as well. The robustly dated sequence at BL III brings a major contribution to the understanding of the regional Upper Paleolithic cultural landscape across the Late Glacial Maximum. At the same time, exotic raw materials (Cretaceous flint, obsidian, radiolarites and cherts) pointing at extensive provisioning areas connect the Eastern Carpathian record to the wider East-Central European paleo-cultural dynamics.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: Part of special issue: The 3rd Conference World of Gravettian Hunters
Keywords: Eastern Carpathians; Chrono-stratigraphy; Gravettian; Epigravettian; Lithic variability
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Geomorphology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Geomorphology > Chair Geomorphology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Oliver Sass
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Nonlinear Dynamics
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2021 07:33
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2021 07:33
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/66889